The year of 2018 was very promising with regard to medical advances. Scientists from Brazil and abroad have worked on experiments that promise to revolutionize health care in the near future. Let's remember some of them?
5 Medical Advances in 2018 You Need to Remember
1. Cancer Vaccine Tests
The cure of cancer is one of the most anticipated advances in medicine by patients worldwide. In 2018, Science seems to have taken another step in that direction.
Researchers from the National Center for Energy Research (CNPEM), in Campinas (SP), obtained encouraging results. in the treatment of tumors in mice by combining different genetically modified tumor cell lines.
The experiment is an important step toward developing a vaccine that boosts the immune system while fighting the disease.
2. Smoke Enzyme
In a mouse experiment, the Scripps Research Institute in California (USA) found an enzyme that bars the arrival in the brain of nicotine, active ingredient of tobacco.
If the experiment works as successfully as it does in humans, the enzyme may serve as the basis for a truly effective treatment against smoking, as currently available therapies have high relapse rates.
3. Same-Sex Reproduction
According to an article published in the journal Cell Stem Cell, a scientific publication focused on stem cell research, researchers at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. got same-sex mice to breed.
The experiment, which used embryonic stem cells and genetic manipulation, was successful for offspring of female rats: all offspring were born in perfect health, with parameters very similar to those obtained in natural reproduction.
With regard to male rats, the research was not as successful: the pups were born weak and all offspring died within two days.
4. Early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer
Another experiment among the major advances in 2018 medicine concerns the early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, one of the rarest but highly lethal tumors in Brazil. This is because diagnosis is difficult, symptoms take time to appear and, when they appear, indicate that the disease is at an advanced stage and is more resistant to treatment.
Researchers from the University of São Paulo (USP), in partnership with the Barretos Cancer Hospital and the University of Minho, in Portugal, were able to develop a biosensor that early diagnoses pancreatic cancer.
The device is relatively inexpensive and can detect the disease biomarker with excellent sensitivity and selectivity.
5. More effective cold fighting
Researchers at Imperial College in London, UK, developed a new cold treatment that does not seek to attack the virus - as it is constantly changing and has several variations - but the infected host.
Treatment may be able to immobilize any virus if it is started early in the infection, as well as lessen symptoms when the disease is already underway. Laboratory tests on humans are expected to begin in about two years.
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